Vdram Dictionary

The language from ARRIVAL and Contact   This single gendered quiet race doesn't speak its mind much. They rely heavily on telepathy. Anything private is hinted at via a 1-1 mind link. Whole room links are always available to join when one wishes or for work purposes.   At 4K words, I chose NOT to show the vocab list. This dictionary bogs down my poor little laptop. Feel free to use the search bar.  
 

Natively known as: Vdram /vdram/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
tvu pom ba svih on pribu tvu ach on svigdan bebe tros ach>
Pronunciation: /tvu pʲom ba svix on ˈpribʲu tvu aʨ on ˈsvigdanʲ ˈbʲebʲe trʲosʲ aʨ/
Vdramish word order: and stood he holding hat his and turned his face wet to the wind  
Pronunciations can be pasted into IPA Reader with the Jan (Polish) setting for best sound.
 

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: /b bʲ d dʲ f g gʲ j k kʲ l lʲ m mʲ n nʲ p pʲ r rʲ s sʲ t tʲ v vʲ x z zʲ ɕ ʂ ʐ ʦ ʨ/

↓Manner/Place→ BilabialLabiodentalAlveolarRetroflexAlveolo-palatalPalatalVelar
Nasalm mʲnʲ n
Stopp pʲ b bʲt tʲ d dʲk kʲ g gʲ
Affricateʦʨ
Fricativef v vʲsʲ s zʲ zʂ ʐɕx
Approximantj
Trillr rʲ
Lateral approximantlʲ l
 

Vowel inventory: /a e i o u/  

FrontBack
Highiu
High-mideo
Lowa
 

  Syllable structure: Custom defined
Stress pattern: advanced
Word initial consonants: b, bʲ, d, dlʲ, dr, dv, dvʲ, dʲ, fsʲ, ft, g, gdʲ, gl, j, k, knʲ, kt, lʲ, m, mn, mʲ, n, nʲ, p, plʲ, pr, prʲ, pʲ, r, rʲ, s, sk, sl, sm, sn, spr, sr, st, str, sv, svʲ, sʲ, t, trʲ, tv, tʲ, v, vdr, vmʲ, vrʲ, vzʲ, vʲ, x, z, zn, zʲ, zʲdʲ, ɕ, ʂt, ʐ, ʐd, ʨ
Mid-word consonants[pg]: b, bʲ, d, dn, dʲ, dʲnʲ, fsʲ, g, gd, j, jn, jtʲ, k, kn, kt, kʲ, l, lg, ln, lʐn, lʲ, lʲk, lʲzʲ, lʲʂ, m, mlʲ, mn, mnʲ, mʲ, n, nʲ, nʲgʲ, nʲɕ, pr, pɕ, pʲ, r, rn, rv, rʲ, s, sk, skv, skʲ, sm, st, str, sʲ, sʲtʲ, t, tr, trʲ, tvʲ, tʲ, v, vd, vn, vʲ, x, z, zn, zvʲ, ʂ, ʂl, ʂt, ʐ, ʐd, ʐn, ʦ, ʨ, ʨtʲ
Word final consonants: j, k, l, lʲ, m, n, nʲ, p, r, rʲ, s, sʲ, sʲtʲ, t, tʲ, x, zʲnʲ, ʂ, ʦ, ʨ     Phonological changes (in order of application):  

  • b → Ø / _#
  • e → i / #_
  • l → ɾ / V_V
  • u → wə / #_
  Spelling rules:  

PronunciationSpelling
dz>
j y>
ts>
x h>
ɕ sh>
ʂ >
ʐ >
ʦ ts>
ʨ ch>
ʲ >
 
 

Grammar

 
The verbs come first in a sentence, since they believe one's actions define oneself.
  Main word order: Verb-Subject-Object-Oblique. "Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Opened Mary the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned after the noun.
Adposition: prepositions
 

Noun

Nouns have six cases:
Ergative is the doer of a verb: dog bites man
The ergative affix only appears if there is an absolutive in the sentence
Absolutive is the done-to of a verb: man bites dog
Absolutives are always no affix
Genitive is the possessor of something: dog’s tail hits man
Dative is the recipeint of something: man gives ball to dog
Locative is the location of something: man walks to town
Ablative is movement away from something: man walks from town

Singular

Masculine
Ergative Suffix -erʲ
svipaer> /ˈsvipʲaerʲ/
Absolutive No affix
svipa> /ˈsvipʲa/
Genitive Suffix -aʂ
svipaaṣ> /ˈsvipʲaaʂ/
Dative If ends with vowel: Suffix -nʲ
Else: Suffix -anʲ
svipan> /ˈsvipʲanʲ/
Locative If ends with vowel: Suffix -lʲ
Else: Suffix -ilʲ
svipal> /ˈsvipʲalʲ/
Ablative Suffix -a
svipaa> /ˈsvipʲaa/

Plural

Masculine
Ergative If ends with vowel: Suffix -lʲ
Else: Suffix -elʲ
svipal> /ˈsvipʲalʲ/
Absolutive Suffix -es
svipaes> /ˈsvipʲaes/
Genitive If ends with vowel: Suffix -kti
Else: Suffix -akti
svipakti> /ˈsvipʲakti/
Dative If ends with vowel: Suffix -k
Else: Suffix -uk
svipak> /ˈsvipʲak/
Locative If ends with vowel: Suffix -de
Else: Suffix -ade
svipade> /ˈsvipʲade/
Ablative If ends with vowel: Suffix -lgu
Else: Suffix -ilgu
svipalgu> /ˈsvipʲalgu/
 

Articles

Definite Indefinite
Singular dlok> /dlʲok/
the
pro> /prʲo/
a
Plural dva> /dva/
the
roṣ> /roʂ/
some

 

Pronouns

Ergative Absolutive Genitive Dative Locative Ablative
1st singular ple> /plʲe/
I
tul> /tʲulʲ/
me
fte> /fte/
my, mine
shi> /ɕi/
to me
sla> /sla/ dva> /dvʲa/
2nd singular dru> /dru/
you
ṣtu> /ʂtu/
you
a> /a/
your, yours
is> /is/
to you
ba> /bʲa/ sna> /sna/
3rd singular masc ba> /ba/
he, it
e> /e/
him, it
on> /on/
his, its
ots> /oʦ/
to him
u> /u/ glo> /glo/
3rd singular fem mnats> /mnaʦ/
she, it
ne> /ne/
her, it
pe> /pe/
her, hers, its
ep> /ep/
to her
bep> /bʲep/ bazn> /bazʲnʲ/
1st plural ze> /ze/
we
pli> /plʲi/
us
ste> /ste/
our, ours
steh> /stex/
to us
ro> /ro/ sut> /sut/
2nd plural svik> /svik/
you (all)
dli> /dlʲi/
you (all)
zin> /zʲin/
your, yours (all)
o> /o/
to you (all)
vza> /vzʲa/ rots> /roʦ/
3rd plural ul> /ulʲ/
they
dim> /dim/
them
tom> /tom/
their, theirs
zich> /zʲiʨ/
to them
fti> /fti/ al> /al/
 

Verbs

Past tense may be indicated with the word:

Past particle oy> /oj/
past tense particle

Future Suffix -ax or -av
znilah> /ˈznilʲax/

 

Imperfective aspect

The ‘imperfective’ aspect refers to ongoing actions, such as I am studying,
and habitual actions, such as I study (every night).

It is indicated with the affix:

Imperfect Suffix -ot
znilot> /ˈznilʲot/
 

Derivational morphology

Adjective → adverb = Suffix -eʨ
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Suffix -a
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Suffix -e
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -se
Else: Suffix -ase
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -lʲ
Else: Suffix -elʲ
Noun → verb (to create [noun]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -mni
Else: Suffix -imni
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Suffix -onʲ
Verb → adjective (likely to do [verb]) = Suffix -a
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Suffix -oʨ
Verb → noun that verb physically produces (e.g. build → building) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -l
Else: Suffix -al
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Suffix -i
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -j
Else: Suffix -ij
Diminutive = If ends with vowel: Suffix -lʲka
Else: Suffix -olʲka
Augmentative = Suffix -a

Dictionary

4283 Words.


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